The birth and development of the American police can be traced to a multitude of historical, legal and political-economic conditions. The institution of slavery and the control of minorities, however, were two of the more formidable historic features of American society shaping early policing. Slave patrols and Night Watches, which later became modern police departments, were both designed to control the behaviors of minorities.
They have been collected by Dr. Douglas Chambers see this link for more details. But first let me emphasize the following: Disclaimers By no means is this data presented to be seen as fully representative of the ancestral make up of present day Jamaicans!
There could be some doublecounting for slaves referenced by two terms as well as undercounting because of single references being used for several slaves at the same time. Also the terms are ranked from most frequently mentioned to least. Figuring the Slave Trade to Jamaica.
In Annie Paul, ed. Soundings on Kamau Brathwaite. University of the West Indies Press,pp. This stands in sharp contrast with earlier periods when the Bight of Benin and especially the Gold Coast were main slave suppliers.
Confirming the diversity of people being brought in from Ghana. They were not really heavily present in the early period, only appearing strongly in between It should be remembered that the English used to have a different geographical interpretation of Angola than the Portuguese, referring more so to the area north of the Congo river see also future blogpost.
Below screenshot taken from the same page: As was to be expected given known slave trade patterns. Quite possibly this runaway slave from Madagascar might have joined one of the Maroon bands composed of fellow Madagascar slaves. The Cottawood Maroons joined the Kencuffees under Cudjoe beforeand they were later joined by the Madagascars.
Even if the outflow of slaves was much greater for Jamaica there was still some sort of circulation of Africans because of the intercolonial trade.
This complicates the interpretation of direct slave voyages as it will not cover all movement of Africans. Despite the brutally harsh slave labour regime and a generally negative reproduction rate unlike the USA it seems to indicate that there were still many slave survivors who managed to have offspring and whose descendants form the basis of currentday Jamaican population.
Below i will just quote some of the ones that seem to indicate retention of African cultural practices in Jamaica.Jackson’s slave ad is one of thousands being catalogued by the history department at Cornell University, which launched “The Freedom on the Move” project to digitize and preserve runaway slave ads and make them more accessible to the public.
Slaves escaped frequently within the first generation of their arrival from Africa and often preserved their African languages and much of their culture and caninariojana.comn traditions included such things as the use of medicinal herbs together with special drums and dances when the herbs are administered to a .
Ethnic Origins of Jamaican Runaway Slaves. Posted on 15 Apr by FonteFelipe.
Jamaican Runaway Slaves SUMMARY. Number of slaves 4, groups were present in the time periods covered but the names being used are often hinting more to a . Spain's relatively humane slave laws yielded a certain amount of loyalty in many slaves, who were given responsibilities such as military service and management of other slaves.
As of , the law also promised freedom to runaway English slaves. Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantation [John Hope Franklin, Loren Schweninger] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. From John Hope Franklin, America's foremost African American historian, comes this groundbreaking analysis of slave resistance and escape.
A sweeping panorama of plantation life before the Civil War/5(12). The use of patrols to capture runaway slaves was one of the precursors of formal police forces, especially in the South. This disastrous legacy persisted as an element of the police role even after the passage of the Civil Rights Act of