Contact Us Working with Different Parenting Styles One of the greatest challenges to a marriage is co-parenting, especially when the parenting styles of each of the parents are quite different, or worse yet, in direct opposition to each other.
And here--below--is an overview of the four basic parenting styles: What researchers mean when they talk about parenting style, and how different styles seem to affect children. What do researchers mean when they talk about "parenting style"? Parents influence their children through specific practices, like encouraging them to play outdoors, or helping them with their homework.
But parenting is more than a set of specific practices. What about the overall approach that parents take to guiding, controlling, and socializing their kids?
The attitudes that parents have about their children, and the resulting emotional climate that creates? It's this general pattern--this emotional climate--that researchers refer to as "parenting style" Darling and Steinberg And research suggests that parenting styles have important effects on the ways that children develop.
So how do psychologists distinguish one parenting style from another? It started in the s with psychologist Diane Baumrind.
She noted that the very idea of parental control--of adults acting as authority figures--had fallen into disrepute. Maybe that's because people were equating "control" with blind obedience, harsh punishments, and domineering, manipulative behavior Baumrind To avoid perils of authoritarianism, many parents tried the opposite approach.
They put very few demands on their children, avoiding any sort of parental control at all. To Baumrind, these were choices between two extremes. Wasn't there a compromise? A moderate approach that fosters self-discipline, responsibility, and independence?
So Baumrind proposed three distinct parenting styles: Authoritarian parenting, which emphasizes blind obedience, stern discipline, and controlling children through punishments--which may include the withdrawal of parental affection Permissive parenting, which is characterized by emotional warmth and a reluctance to enforce rules, and Authoritative parenting, a more balanced approach in which parents expect kids to meet certain behavioral standards, but also encourage their children to think for themselves and to develop a sense of autonomy.
Later, researchers added a fourth style, uninvolved parenting Maccoby and Martin Uninvolved parents are like permissive parents in their failure to enforce standards. But unlike permissive parents, uninvolved parents are not nurturing and warm.
They provided kids with food and shelter, but not much else.Parenting is a process that prepares your child for independence.
As your child grows and develops, there are many things you can do to help your child. These links will help you learn more about your child’s development, positive parenting, safety, and health at each stage of your child’s life.
Learn the basic principles of healthy parenting, avoid mealtime battles, and encourage physical fitness.
Raising a happy, healthy child is one of the most challenging jobs a parent can have -- and also one of the most rewarding. Yet many of us don't approach parenting with the .
The patterns of parenting styles and their impact on child development are explained in the paper. The impact of social changes on childhood in India derives attention.
Parenting style needs change according to the changes taking place in a society. Definition Of The 4 Parenting Styles. Parenting styles are categorized based on two dimensions of parenting behavior: Demandingness refers to the extend parents control their children’s behavior or demand their maturity..
Responsiveness refers to the degree parents are accepting and sensitive to their children’s emotional and developmental . The child-parent relationship has a major influence on most aspects of child development. When optimal, parenting skills and behaviours have a positive impact on children’s self-esteem, school achievement, cognitive development and behaviour.
How nurturing and responsive parenting raises happy and successful kids.