Human development index essay

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Human development index essay

Essay on Human Development Article shared by: This article provides information about the human and growth approach to development: In principle, these choices can be infinite and change over time.

But at all levels of development, the three essential ones are there for people a to lead a long and healthy life, b to acquire knowledge and c to have access to resources needed for a decent standard of living. If these essential choices are not available many other opportunities remain inaccessible.

Human development, however, does not end there. Additional choices, ranging from political, economic and social freedom to opportunities for being creative and productive and enjoying personal self-respect and guaranteed human rights are also inseparable parts o human rights.

UNDP depicts two sides of human development: If the scales of human development do not finely balance the two sides; considerable human frustration may result.

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But it is not the sum total of their lives. Development must, therefore, be more than just the expansion of income and wealth. Its focus must be people.

Human development index essay

The Human Development Approach to development is different from the conventional approaches development, i. Economic growth, that is, the increase in production GDP is necessary but not sufficient for human development.

The theories of human capital formation and human resources development consider the human being as a means and not as an end. They are concerned with the supply side.

The human welfare approach visualises people only as passive recipients of benefits of development and not as its participants. The basic needs approach aims to satisfy the basic minimum needs, i.

The human development approach puts equal emphasis on the production and distribution of resources, expansion and use of human capabilities, scope of choice, livelihood security, participatory process, and social, economic and political freedom.

All these indeed emphases a paradigm shift in the social development strategy of the State. The world has become more polarised and the wide gap between the poor and the rich has widened further. The gap in per capita income between the industrial and developing world trebled.

There have been regional imbalances. The UNDP has voiced its concern against the jobless, ruthless, voiceless, rootless and fortuneless growth in the late s. It was jobless growth, since the economy grew but did not expand the opportunities for employment for large sections of the population.

For the developing countries, jobless growth has meant long hours and very low incomes for hundreds of millions of people in low productivity work in agriculture and in other informal sectors.

This developmental process has been rendered ruthless by the fact that the fruits of economic growth have mostly benefited the rich; while millions of people stagnate in poverty. At places the dominant majority culture amplifies at the cost of marginalisation of the minority cultures.

It has also been a voiceless growth as in many places it has not ensured the process of democratic participation of the people in decision-making processes. The voiceless growth process also provides women a marginal role in economic development.

Again, fast economic growth is also achieved in some countries at the cost of destruction of forests, polluting rivers, destroying bio-diversity and depleting natural resources.

Human development index essay

In this futureless growth, the present generation squanders resources needed by the future generation. At times the futureless growth benefits the industrialised countries at the cost of increased pressure on the poor people of the developing countries. It is important to examine how development is being viewed as freedom by Amartya Sen.

According to him; development must be perceived as a vital process of expanding real freedom that people enjoy. As per him, expansion of real income and economic growth are not necessarily characteristics of successful development as countries with high GDP and per capita income at times have low achievements in the quality of life.

On the other hand, countries with low GDP and low per capita incomes have higher human development indicators. Here the central purpose of development is to improve human lives, i. To him, the objective of development is to remove obstacles such as illiteracy, ill-health, poverty, lack of access to resources or lack of civil and political freedom.

He does not deny that economic prosperity should be the major goal of planning and policy making.

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This is, however, only an intermediate goal to contribute to the ultimate goal of development, i. To Sen, both the primary end and the principal means of development is expansion of freedom as freedom in one type helps advancing freedom of other types.A critique of the development of quantitative methodologies in human geography Alan Marshall Introduction Quantitative methodologies are a powerful research technique in.

HDI (Human Development index) is a way of measuring development by combining indicators of life expectancy, educational attainment and income.

The breakthrough for the HDI was the creation of a single statistic which was to serve as a frame of reference for both social and economic development. The Core Class "Every day I use what I have learned. To be a team player, to listen to the opinions of others, to try to be empathetic to the needs of others, and go that second mile.

Publisher of books, continuing education courses and journals for Fitness, Exercise, Coaching and Sport. Creating opportunites for success by offering quality academic, technical and life-long learning experiences to its diverse communities in a collaborative, student-centered, data-informed and shared leadership environment.

Essai sur l'inégalité des races humaines (Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races, –) is the infamous work of French writer Joseph Arthur, Comte de Gobineau, which argues that there are differences between human races, that civilizations decline and fall when the races are mixed and that the white race is superior.

It is today considered to be one of the earliest examples of.

An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races - Wikipedia