Arguments against euthanasia

Arguments for voluntary euthanasia 1. Accordingly, democratic societies can make laws to prohibit murder, assault and theft, but should not make laws to prohibit sex before marriage, gay marriage, religious belief, or voluntary euthanasia.

Arguments against euthanasia

Introduction When a person carries out an act of euthanasia, she brings about the death of another person because she believes the latter's present existence is so bad that he would be better off dead, or believes that unless she intervenes and ends his life, his life will become so bad that he would be better off dead.

Thus, the motive of the person who commits an act of euthanasia is to benefit the one whose death is Arguments against euthanasia about. It is important to emphasize the motive of benefiting the person who is assisted to die because well-being is a key value in relation to the morality of euthanasia.

Nonetheless, the defensibility of the contention that someone can be better off dead has been the subject of extensive philosophical deliberation.

Those who claim that a person can be better off dead believe this to be true when the life that remains in prospect for that person has no positive value for her a possibility which is discussed by e. A Kant-inspired variant on this latter position Arguments against euthanasia been advanced by Velleman He considers that a person's well-being can only matter if she is of intrinsic value and so that it is impermissible to violate a person's rational nature the source of her intrinsic value for the sake of her well-being.

Accordingly, he holds that it is impermissible to assist someone to die who judges that she would be better off dead and competently requests assistance with dying. The only exception is when a person's life is so degraded as to call into question her rational nature, albeit he thinks it unlikely that anyone in that position will remain competent to request assistance with dying.

This position appears to be incompatible with the well-established right of a competent patient to refuse life-prolonging medical treatment, at least when further treatment is refused because she considers that her life no longer has value for her. For further reasons to reject arguments for the inviolability of the life of a person, including Velleman's, see e.

Because our concern will be with voluntary euthanasia — that is, with those instances of euthanasia in which a clearly competent person makes a voluntary and enduring request to be helped to die or, by extension, when an authorised person makes a substituted judgment by choosing in the manner the no-longer-competent person would have chosen had he remained competenta second key value is the competence of the person requesting assistance with dying.

There will be occasion to mention non-voluntary euthanasia — instances of euthanasia where a person is either not competent, or unable, at the time to express a wish about euthanasia and has not previously expressed a wish for it — only when consideration is given to the claim that permitting voluntary euthanasia will lead via a slippery slope to permitting non-voluntary euthanasia.

Nothing will be said here about involuntary euthanasia, where a competent person's life is brought to an end despite an explicit expression of opposition to euthanasia, beyond saying that, no matter how honorable the perpetrator's motive, such a death is, and ought to be, unlawful.

Debate about the morality and legality of voluntary euthanasia has been, for the most part, a phenomenon of the second half of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty first century. Certainly, the ancient Greeks and Romans did not believe that life needed to be preserved at any cost and were, in consequence, tolerant of suicide in cases when no relief could be offered to the dying or, in the case of the Stoics and Epicureans, when a person no longer cared for his life.

But it has only been in the last hundred years that there have been concerted efforts to make legal provision for voluntary euthanasia.

Until quite recently, there had been no success in obtaining such legal provision though assisted suicide, including, but not limited to, physician-assisted suicide, has been legally tolerated in Switzerland for many years.

Arguments against euthanasia

However, the outlook changed dramatically in the s and 80s because of a series of court cases in The Netherlands which culminated in an agreement between the legal and medical authorities to ensure that no physician would be prosecuted for assisting a patient to die as long as certain guidelines were strictly adhered to see Griffiths, et al.

In brief, the guidelines were established to permit physicians to practise voluntary euthanasia in those instances in which a competent patient had made a voluntary and informed request to be helped to die, the patient's suffering was unbearable, there was no way of making that suffering bearable that was acceptable to the patient, and the physician's judgements as to diagnosis and prognosis were confirmed after consultation with another physician.

In the s, the first legislative approval for voluntary euthanasia was achieved with the passage of a bill in the parliament of Australia's Northern Territory to enable physicians to practise voluntary euthanasia.

Subsequent to the Act's proclamation init faced a series of legal challenges from opponents of voluntary euthanasia. In the challenges culminated in the Australian National Parliament overturning the legislation when it prohibited Australian Territories the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory from enacting legislation to permit euthanasia.

In Oregon in the United States, legislation was introduced in to permit physician-assisted suicide after a referendum clearly endorsed the proposed legislation. Later inthe Supreme Court of the United States ruled that there is no constitutional right to physician-assisted suicide; however, the Court did not preclude individual states from legislating in favor of physician-assisted suicide so the Oregon legislation remained in force.

Since that time the Oregon legislation has been successfully utilised by a significant number of people. Similar legislation was passed in the state of Washington in and in the state of Vermont in A series of judicial decisions in the state of Montana in and established that the state could not prohibit physician-assisted suicide but legislation has not yet been introduced to codify the legal situation.

A similar legal position has obtained in Colombia since the late s as a result of a majority ruling by the Constitutional Court in favor of the legality of physician-assisted suicide.

In NovemberThe Netherlands passed legislation to legalize the practice of voluntary euthanasia. The legislation passed through all the parliamentary stages early in The Belgian parliament passed similar legislation in May Luxembourg followed suit in Part 2.

A refutation of some arguments against voluntary euthanasia Possible abuse of euthanasia legislation. 1.

To assess if the Bill, if enacted, could be abused, it is useful to consider previous legislation. Life or death Euthanasia arguments for and against Euthanasia is the termination of an extremely ill person’s life in order to relieve them from the suffering the illness is causing.

Euthanasia is usually only conducted on a person with an incurable condition, however there are other instances when euthanasia can be carried out. · Perhaps because many who have such concerns invoke the example of Nazi Germany, Singer's most recent defence against slippery-slope arguments focuses on consent and nonvoluntary against-/ The arguments against euthanasia.

Alternative treatments are available, such as palliative care and hospices. We do not have to kill the patient to kill the symptoms.

 · Euthanasia or mercy killing is a moral act done out of duty to those in suffering or an act for self-benefit under cover of morality or is i Arguments against euthanasia Please note that we include assisted suicide or "medical aid in dying" when we use the word "euthanasia" in this document. Euthanasia is a The arguments for euthanasia: 1. We need it - 'the compassion argument'. Supporters of euthanasia believe that allowing people to ‘die with dignity’ is kinder than forcing them to /arguments-for-and-against-euthanasia.

Nearly all pain can be relieved. Arguments Against Euthanasia One of the biggest arguments against this process is belief about the casual nature with which it will be approached in the future.

Non-Religious Arguments against 'Voluntary Euthanasia'

If euthanasia is permitted without the necessity to abide by government regulations and laws, people will use it Jan 04,  · Religious arguments Euthanasia is against the word and will of God. Euthanasia weakens society's respect for the sanctity of life.

Suffering may have value. Voluntary euthanasia is the start of a slippery slope that leads to involuntary euthanasia and the killing of people who are thought undesirable.

Arguments For and Against Euthanasia | CARE